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类加载器中findClass与loadClass的区别     所属分类 java 浏览量 20
findClass  类加载逻辑
loadClass  如果父类加载器加载失败则会调用自定义的findClass方法  
defineClass   把类字节数组变成类

如果不打破双亲委派机制,重写findClass方法即可

如果打破双亲委派机制,重写整个loadClass方法

URLClassLoader 实现了 findClass 方法




java.lang.ClassLoader


 protected Class<?> loadClass(String name, boolean resolve)
        throws ClassNotFoundException
    {
        synchronized (getClassLoadingLock(name)) {
            // First, check if the class has already been loaded
            Class<?> c = findLoadedClass(name);
            if (c == null) {
                long t0 = System.nanoTime();
                try {
                    if (parent != null) {
                        c = parent.loadClass(name, false);
                    } else {
                        c = findBootstrapClassOrNull(name);
                    }
                } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
                    // ClassNotFoundException thrown if class not found
                    // from the non-null parent class loader
                }

                if (c == null) {
                    // If still not found, then invoke findClass in order
                    // to find the class.
                    long t1 = System.nanoTime();
                    c = findClass(name);

                    // this is the defining class loader; record the stats
                    sun.misc.PerfCounter.getParentDelegationTime().addTime(t1 - t0);
                    sun.misc.PerfCounter.getFindClassTime().addElapsedTimeFrom(t1);
                    sun.misc.PerfCounter.getFindClasses().increment();
                }
            }
            if (resolve) {
                resolveClass(c);
            }
            return c;
        }
    }




URLClassLoader 实现的 findClass 方法 protected Class<?> findClass(final String name) throws ClassNotFoundException { final Class<?> result; try { result = AccessController.doPrivileged( new PrivilegedExceptionAction<Class<?>>() { public Class<?> run() throws ClassNotFoundException { String path = name.replace('.', '/').concat(".class"); Resource res = ucp.getResource(path, false); if (res != null) { try { return defineClass(name, res); } catch (IOException e) { throw new ClassNotFoundException(name, e); } } else { return null; } } }, acc); } catch (java.security.PrivilegedActionException pae) { throw (ClassNotFoundException) pae.getException(); } if (result == null) { throw new ClassNotFoundException(name); } return result; }

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