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dubbo SPI 机制简介     所属分类 dubbo 浏览量 44
jdk SPI Service Provider Interface
java.util.ServiceLoader
加载META-INF/service/  下的配置文件

/src/main/resources/META-INF/services/dyyx.Pet
dyyx.Dog



协议 调用拦截 路由扩展
模块之间 基于接口编程 可拔插原则

dubbo SPI机制  与 JDK SPI 区别

JDK SPI 遍历查找扩展点和实例化,可能导致一次性加载所有的扩展点
配置文件中扩展实现的格式修改 
/META-INF/dubbo/internal/com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.Filter
monitor=com.alibaba.dubbo.monitor.support.MonitorFilter
trace=com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.protocol.dubbo.filter.TraceFilter
exception=com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.filter.ExceptionFilter
executelimit=com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.filter.ExecuteLimitFilter

增加对IOC AOP的支持,一个扩展点可以直接通过setter注入到其他扩展点

com.alibaba.dubbo.common.extension.ExtensionLoader




@SPI注解
dubbo:service  dubbo:reference 
@SPI("dubbo")
public interface Protocol

/META-INF/dubbo/internal/com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.Protocol
dubbo=com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.protocol.dubbo.DubboProtocol


@SPI("netty")
public interface Transporter {
    @Adaptive({Constants.SERVER_KEY, Constants.TRANSPORTER_KEY})
    Server bind(URL url, ChannelHandler handler) throws RemotingException;

    @Adaptive({Constants.CLIENT_KEY, Constants.TRANSPORTER_KEY})
    Client connect(URL url, ChannelHandler handler) throws RemotingException;


@Adaptive注解

bind和connect方法上都有@Adaptive注解,有该注解的方法的参数必须包含URL
ExtensionLoader 通过createAdaptiveExtensionClassCode方法动态生成一个Transporter$Adaptive类

扩展点 依赖 URL携带的配置信息
根据URL中的配置来选择对应的扩展实现
dubbo以URL为总线,运行过程中的状态数据可以通过URL来获取
比如采用的 序列化协议 负载均衡策略等信息
通过对应的Key从URL的参数列表中获取

@Activate注解

用条件来控制该扩展点实现是否被自动激活加载
可以设置两个参数  group和value

@Activate(group = Constants.PROVIDER)
public class ExceptionFilter implements Filter

@Activate(group = Constants.PROVIDER, value = Constants.ACCESS_LOG_KEY)
public class AccessLogFilter implements Filter 


ExtensionFactory
SpiExtensionFactory 
SpringExtensionFactory


ExtensionLoader

private static final String SERVICES_DIRECTORY = "META-INF/services/";
private static final String DUBBO_DIRECTORY = "META-INF/dubbo/";
private static final String DUBBO_INTERNAL_DIRECTORY = DUBBO_DIRECTORY + "internal/";

META-INF/services/
META-INF/dubbo/
META-INF/dubbo/internal/


public static <T> ExtensionLoader<T> getExtensionLoader(Class<T> type)
public T getExtension(String name)
public T getAdaptiveExtension()

LoadBalance lb = ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(LoadBalance.class).getExtension(loadbalanceName)
RouterFactory routerFactory = ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(RouterFactory.class).getAdaptiveExtension()

ExtensionLoader<StatusChecker> extensionLoader = ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(StatusChecker.class);
List<StatusChecker> checkers = extensionLoader.getActivateExtension(channel.getUrl(), "status");

ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(Serialization.class).getExtension(url.getParameter(Constants.SERIALIZATION_KEY, "java"));


List<Filter> filters = ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(Filter.class).getActivateExtension(invoker.getUrl(), key, group);

ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(Protocol.class).getExtension(DubboProtocol.NAME); 





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